How to use the gerunds (Verb + ING)

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The gerund is the base form of the verb + ING. It can be positive (e.g. going) or negative (e.g. not going).

  1. As the subject or object of a sentence. 

e.g. Teaching teenagers is very hard work.

Doing yoga is good for your health.

2. After some verbs (For example: Enjoy, finish, go on, hate, like, love, (don’t) mind, spend (time), *start and stop).

e.g. I like waking up early on a sunny morning.

I love reading in bed.

*Start can be used with both the infinitive and the gerund no real difference in meaning. 

i.e. It started raining.

i.e. It started to rain.

3. After prepositions. (of, at & without)

e.g. I am thinking of reading a new book.

She is very bad at playing cards.

You cannot learn a language well without practising regularly.

 

 

Presente Contínuo em Inglês

Present Continuouns:  Be (am, are or is) + Verb + ing 

  • Nós usualmente usamos o presente contínuo em Inglês para coisas que estão acontecendo agora ou neste momento. 

Frases positivas e negativas: 

+ I am (I’m) working right now. (Estou trabalhando agora)

– I am not (I’m not) cooking now. (Eu não estou cozinhando agora)

+ You are (You’re) studying for the test. (Você está estudando para a prova)

– We are not (aren’t) working today. (Nós não estamos trabalhando hoje)

+ They are (They’re) cleaning the house now. (Eles estão limpando a casa agora)

+ He is (He’s) running at this moment. (Ele está correndo neste momento)

– She is not (She isn’t) doing her homework. (Ela não está fazendo o dever de casa dela)

+It is raining right now. (Está chovendo agora)

Pergunta e resposta: 

  • Para fazer uma pergunta você precisa apenas inverter o sujeito com o verb ser ou estar de lugar. 

Are you working? (Você está trabalhando?).

+ Yes, I am (sim, eu estou) / – No, I am not (Não, eu não estou).

Is he studying? (Ele está estudando?).

+ Yes, he is (Sim, ele está) / – No, he is not (Não, ele não está). 

* Regras para o presente contínuo: 

  • Live / living = Tira-se o ‘e’ e acrescenta ING.
  • Run / running = Quando a palavra terminar em CVC (Consoante, vogal, consoante) você dobra a última consoante e acrescenta ING.
  • Study / studying = Com alguns verbos apenas acrescenta ING. 

 

Might / Might & May / May not

We use might / might no + Verb (Infinitive without to) to say that perhaps you will or won’t do something. (Small possibility)

  • Might / might not is the same for all persons.
  • Might not is not usually contracted.

E.g. We might have English classes tomorrow. = Perhaps we will have English classes tomorrow. 

E.g. He might not come with us, I think. =  Perhaps he won’t come with us.

  • May / May not 

You can also use may / may not instead of might / might not for possibility. (Formal permissions).

E.g. We may have Spanish classes today. = We might have Spanish classes today.

E.g. I may not go to the cinema with you. = I might not go to the cinema with you.