The gerund is the base form of the verb + ING. It can be positive (e.g. going) or negative (e.g. not going).
- As the subject or object of a sentence.
e.g. Teaching teenagers is very hard work.
Doing yoga is good for your health.
2. After some verbs (For example: Enjoy, finish, go on, hate, like, love, (don’t) mind, spend (time), *start and stop).
e.g. I like waking up early on a sunny morning.
I love reading in bed.
*Start can be used with both the infinitive and the gerund no real difference in meaning.
i.e. It started raining.
i.e. It started to rain.
3. After prepositions. (of, at & without)
e.g. I am thinking of reading a new book.
She is very bad at playing cards.
You cannot learn a language well without practising regularly.