Infinitives in English

The infinitive with to: 

  • We use the infinitive + to:
  1. To express a reason; 

e.g. I am saving money to buy a flat.

2. After adjectives; 

e.g. It’s very  easy to find my city.

3. After some verbs: (Would like, want, seem, try, remember, refuse, promise, pretend, plan, offer, need, learn, hope, help, forget, expect, decide, agree, (can’t) aford). 

e.g. I would like to go to the cinema.

She needs to help her mum today.

We wanted to travel abroad.

  • The negative infinitive = not to + verb 

e.g Try not to make a noise in the library.

*These commom verbs can take either the infinitive or gerund with no difference in meaning: start, begin and continue.

e.g. I’ve started to watch a movie or I’ve started watching a movie.

The infinitive without to:

  • We use the infinitive without to: 
  1. After most modal and auxiliary verbs; 

e.g. I must go home now.

2. After make & let.

e.g. I let you go.

e.g. We make everything in this house.

Can & Could em Inglês

Hey guys, hoje irei ensinar como usar o CAN (posso) e could (podia) em Inglês.

O posso (can) na língua Inglesa apenas tem forma no presente ou no passado (could=podia).

Forma no presente:

ex: I can /kan/ speak Portuguse, English and Japanese. (Eu posso falar Português, Inglês e Japonês)

I can’t (cannot) /kant/ play soccer. (Eu não posso jogar futebol).

Forma no passado:

He could /kood/ do yoga well when he was six years old. (Ele podia praticar ioga bem quando ele estava com seis anos de idade).

I couldn’t (could not) /koodnt/ go to universe because I was ill. (Eu não podia ir para a faculdade porque eu estava doente).

*contional form (forma condicional)

  • ex: Could /kood/ you open the door for me, please? (Você poderia abrir a porta para mim, por favor?).

How to use verb + -ING

  • Use verb + -ING after like, love, hate & don’t mind.

e.g. I love going out.

She likes shopping.

We hate doing homework.

I don’t mind (do not mind) going to the cinema.

  • Spelling rules for -ING form.

Infinitive /  Verb + ING /  Spelling

cook           / I like cooking. / add – ING.

study         / She loves studying / add -ING.

dance        / I don’t mind dancing / You take the ‘E’ and add -ING.

shop          / I don’t like shopping  / One vowel+one consonant = double consonant + ING.