ENGLISH TIPS: USEFUL SENTENCES

  1. Greetings:
  • Hey, how are you?
  • How’s (How is) everthing going?
  • It’s (It is) a pleasure to meet you!
  • Long time no see!
  • How have you been?
  • What are you up to these days?

2. Responding to greetings:

  • I’m (I am) really good, thank you.
  • I’m (I am) doing well, thanks.
  • Not much, the usual really.
  • Lovely to meet you too!
  • How about you?

3. Leaving, saying goodbye:

  • I must be making a move.
  • I need to get going.
  • I’m (I am) going to have to make an exit!
  • See you later!
  • Hope to hear from you soon!

4. Pauses and hesitation: 

  • I’m (I am) going to have to have a think about that.
  • Give me a moment.
  • Let me have a think about that.

5. Asking for repetition:

  • Sorry?
  • Pardon?
  • Would you mind saying that again?
  • I didn’t (did not) quite catch that.

HOW COME? & WHY?

HOW COME? It means ‘‘why” in a informal way. (something happened or reasons)

EXPRESSION FOR CONVERSATION: HOW COME?

  • ”Why” is formal. (writing or speanking);
  • ”How come” is informal. (speaking).

e.g.          How come + subject + verb + object ?

How come I am not the president? (informal) = Why am I not the president? (formal);

i.e.           Why + verb + subject + obeject ? 

Why did you arrive yesterday? (formal) = How come you arrived yesterday? (informal). 

 

 

 

SOUNDS IN ENGLISH: VOICED & UNVOICED

Voiced or unvoiced?

  1. House /haus/ = unvoiced;
  2. Television /‘telivizn/ = voiced;
  3. Singer /’siNGer/ = voiced;
  4. Shower /’SHaer/ = unvoiced;
  5. Nose /nouz/ = voiced;
  6. Zebra /‘zebra/ = voiced;
  7. Snake /sneik/ = unvoiced;
  8. Monkey /moNGki/ = voiced;
  9. Dog /dog/ = voiced;
  10. Yacht /jat/ = voiced;
  11. Tie /tai/ = unvoiced;
  12. Witch /wiCh:/ voiced;
  13. Vase /va:z/ = voiced;
  14. Right /rait/ = voiced;
  15. Flower /‘flauer/ = unvoiced; 
  16. Leg /leg/ = voiced;
  17. Girl /gorl/ = voiced;
  18. Jazz /dzaez/ = voiced;
  19. Key /ki:/ = unvoiced;
  20. Chess /CHes/ = unvoiced;
  21. Bag /baeg/  = voiced;
  22. Mother /’maTHer/= voiced; 
  23. Parrot /paeret/ unvoiced;  
  24. Thumb /THum/ = unvoiced.

MAKE & DO

  • MAKE or DO?? They have similar meaning.
  1. Make /maik/: It means ”create”: bring (something) into existence.

e.g. Coffe / tea;                        investment;

an offer;                           mistake;

a suggestion;                     bet;

a promise;                         discovery.

a sound;

fortune;

2. Do /du/: It means ”task” /task/ * A piece of work to be done.

i.e. homework;

test;                                   shopping;

interview;                         experiment;

a course;                            bad (-) / good (+).

the ironing;

your best;

well (+) / badly (-)

 

 

 

 

TOWN & CITY

  1. An art gallery;
  2. A castle /‘Ka:sl/;
  3. A cinema /‘sinema/;
  4. A museum /mju’zium/;
  5. A theatre /‘THater/;
  6. A shopping centre /‘senter/;
  7. A market;
  8. A travel agent’s;
  9. A hostipal; /’rospital/;
  10. A school;
  11. A bus station;
  12. A street;
  13. A supermarket;
  14. A post office;
  15. A gym;
  16. A sports centre;

 

THE BODY & ORGANS

VOCABULARY: PARTS OF THE BODY & ORGANS

Parts of the body:

  1. Ankle /’aenkl/
  2. Heel /hi:l/
  3. Calf /ka:f/ (singular) // Calves /kalvs/ (plural)
  4. Palm /pa:m/
  5. Nails /neilz/
  6. Fist /fist/
  7. Wrist /rist/
  8. Elbow /‘elbou/
  9. Thigh /THai/
  10. Chest /tfest/
  11. Waist /weist/

Organs:

  1. Brain /brein/
  2. Heart /ha:t/
  3. Kidneys /’kidniz/
  4. Liver /’liver/
  5. Lungs /loNGz/

 

TRANSPORT

  1. Carriage /’Kaeridz/
  2. Coach /Koch/ = bus /bus/
  3. Truck /Trok/ (BrE) // Lorry /’lori/ (AmE)
  4. Scooter /‘sku:ter/
  5. The underground /’undergraund/ (BrE) // Subway /sobwai/ (AmE)
  6. Tram /traem/
  7. Van /Vaen/
  8. Plane /plãn/ 
  9. Helicopter /helikopter/
  10. Car /Kar
  11. Motorcycle /’moutersikel/ 
  12. Bicycle /’bisikel/